House Plumbing Parts and Components

House Apex Plumbing is usually made of copper or PEX. Both are durable and corrosion-resistant, although PEX is replacing copper at a rapid rate due to its flexibility and ease of installation.

Plumbing Services

An outdoor stomping area and an indoor mat inside the door to remove snow, rock salt, and other debris from shoes help minimize winter cleaning chores. Keeping drain vents clear is also a good idea.

Bringing fresh water into your house, and transporting used water away again, is the job of your plumbing system’s water supply subsystem. It comprises pipes and valves that make hot and cold water available at household faucets, showers, bathtubs, sinks, and toilets.

The water in your house may come from a community or public water supplier. The water tower that supplies a city or town is usually located on high ground, so gravity pulls the water along supply lines to people’s homes. Alternatively, people who live in remote areas may have their own water tanks or wells to supply their homes with water.

Once water enters your home, it travels through a main pipe into your water heater, then up through hot and cold water supply pipes to fixtures such as taps and toilets. Your plumbing system must have enough pressure to force water through these pipes, and also to push it upwards through a pipe system that has many bends or elbows.

Your pipes may be made from a variety of materials, including copper and PEX. PEX piping is becoming increasingly popular in residential construction because it is safer, more flexible and cheaper than copper. It is also easier to install because it doesn’t require soldering, and it can be bent around corners or obstacles.

The house service line (the pipe connecting your home to the municipal water supply) should be buried in the ground at least four feet deep to prevent freezing. It should also be protected from vehicle traffic. It’s a good idea to have your house service line inspected regularly for leaks and corrosion, especially after major renovation work or new construction.

Leaks in your home’s plumbing pipes are not just annoying – they can be dangerous if the water supply system is affected. Water supply systems are particularly sensitive to leaks because they must maintain a constant flow of water at high pressure, sufficient for washing, cooking and drinking.

Leaks in the house plumbing may be caused by corrosion, ageing or movement of the building. In these cases, a plumber will repair or replace the affected section of pipe.

The water heater is an appliance that heats incoming cold water to your home’s desired temperature. Many household appliances and fixtures rely on it for hot water: dishwashers, clothes washers, showers and tubs, among others. It is a major energy user in the home. In fact, it consumes about 20% of a typical home’s energy cost.

It can be powered by electricity, natural gas or liquid propane. Most homes have the 240-volt electrical connections required by a tank-style electric water heater already installed in their service panels. However, for a gas water heater, a plumber must make the necessary gas connections. These can involve extending the existing gas line, installing a new venting system and/or constructing a gas piping run to the water heater area.

Most tank-style water heaters have a drain valve near the bottom and a shut-off valve on the outside of the tank. A dip tube runs from the top of the water heater tank to the hot-water service line so that any sediment that clings to the bottom of the tank is flushed out periodically. This helps maintain the efficiency of your water heater and extends its lifespan.

It is also a good idea to insulate the pipes that run from your water heater, especially in the winter. This prevents the water from freezing and bursting pipes as it expands when it thaws. In some cases, this can be done by the homeowner; in other instances, a professional plumber should be called in to do the job. This is especially important in older homes with galvanized pipes. Even a small amount of water that is allowed to freeze can cause serious and costly damage.

Drainage is the system that carries wastewater, sewage and surface water away from your house. It is usually a network of pipes which are underground. Unlike the freshwater plumbing, the drainage system doesn’t use any pressure to transport water. It relies on gravity to carry waste downward to the sewer line. There are several types of drainage systems. Knowing their parts and components will help you if they ever get clogged.

Like the water supply system, the drainage system also has a number of shutoff valves that can be used to stop the flow of water. It’s important to know where these are located so you can turn off the water to a fixture when working on it. Then you won’t have to deal with the mess of a flooded bathroom or kitchen.

The plumbing of a house has two parts: the household drains and the public sewer line. The household drains are the pipes from your sinks, bathtubs, and showers that take the water you use away to the public sewer line. The household drains must be properly sized to prevent sewage from backing up into the house.

These household drains are connected to the public sewer line via a master trap chamber that is usually located outside the building boundary. The public sewer line is managed and maintained by the municipal body. This is why the connection of the house drain to the public sewer line requires permission from the relevant authorities.

The house drainage pipe is usually sloped to encourage scouring of the sediments in the soil and prevent blockages. The slope is usually a half-inch drop per foot of length. The piping for the house drain is usually a PVC or ABS plastic. A p-trap or U-bend is placed immediately after the household drain to hold standing water and prevent sewage gasses from entering the house. If you notice the smell of sewage in your house, it’s because the p-trap has evaporated and allowed sewer gases to enter. To prevent this, you must periodically clean your p-trap and flush your toilets.

The main sewer line in your home carries the wastewater from your toilets, sinks, tubs, and showers to a public sewer system or your own septic tank. Most homes in towns, cities and developed areas are connected to public sewers. A septic system is used in rural areas or on private lots where the cost of connecting to the town sewer would be prohibitive.

Wastewater from drains and toilets goes into large pipes that are designed to keep clean water separate from dirty wastewater. Each of the drains in your home are plumbed to connect into a larger pipe, which is known as the house sewer line. The drain lines that connect to the sewer pipe are usually made of cast iron, galvanized steel or PVC plastic.

Depending on the age of your house, some of these pipes may be lead or asbestos contaminated. If you are considering purchasing an older home, ask the owner about the condition of the plumbing pipes. Whether the pipes are made of copper or PVC will make a difference in how much it costs to maintain and repair your house plumbing.

Your house sewer line also contains a trap that is the curved section of pipe directly beneath your drains. This trap holds a small amount of water, which serves as a seal and prevents sewer gas from entering the living spaces of your home. If the trap is not maintained, it can dry up and allow sewer gases to enter your home.

You can find the location of your house sewer line by looking at a map, or asking neighbors who have lived in the house before you. You can also check with the county recorder, who should have a copy of all deeds for the property and its history.

Once the wastewater leaves your home, it is deposited in a sewage treatment plant. This system is designed to remove all of the toxins and contaminants from the wastewater, so that it can be reused. The treated water is then returned to the environment without affecting the local ecosystem.

Maya Crawford